Quick Facts

Map of Egypt
Population: 79,089,650
Languages: Arabic (Official), English, French
Climate: Desert, with hot dry summers, moderate winters, periodic droughts and flash flooding.
Captial City: Cairo


  • The Old Capital of Egypt – includes the famous pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx and rock tombs, all dating back to ancient times. Added to the World Heritage List in 1979.
  • Nubian Monuments – temples of worship for the Ancient Egyptians, such as Temples of Ramses II and the Sanctuary of Isis. Added to the World Heritage List in 1979.
  • The Nile – widely regarded as the longest river in the world. Ancient Egypt owed much of its prosperity to the fertility brought by the annual flooding of the Nile, which dumped fertile soil on the plains.

The Nile Crocodile

Habitat: Freshwater lakes, rivers, swamps, coastal estuaries and mangrove swamps.
Diet: Carnivorous. Prey varies according to body size. Young crocodiles eat insects, crustaceans, amphibians, increasing to fish, turtles and birds as they grow. Adults’ diets include zebra, antelope and wildebeest.
Classification and relatives: An amphibious reptile most closely related to other crocodiles.
Conservation status: Not endangered.
Lifespan: Oldest recorded in captivity is 43.8 years.