Quick Facts

Map of Ireland
Population: 6,197,100
Languages: English, Irish/Gaeilge
Climate: Temperate, with mild winters and cool summers. Humid, overcast half of the time.
Captial City: Dublin


  • The Skellig Islands – two rocky islands, Skellig Michael and Small Skellig. Skellig Michael was World Heritage Listed in 1996 for its well preserved Early Christian monastery. Small Skellig has the second largest colony of seabirds in the world.
  • The megalithic passage tomb at Newgrange – Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1993, the passage tomb was built around 3200 BC, before the pyramids. From the outside, it is a large mound that covers about an acre. During the winter solstice, sunrise lights up the inner passage.
  • Leap Castle – built in 800 AD, it is reputedly the most haunted castle in Ireland.

The Sparrowhawk (Eurasian or European)

Habitat: Woodland, as well as urban areas such as gardens or city parks.
Diet: Carnivorous, hunting smaller birds.
Classification and relatives: Bird. Sparrowhawks are raptors – this means they are birds that hunt while flying, kill their prey with their talons and usually have very good vision. Relatives include hawks, eagles and kites. Sparrowhawks have short, rounded wings which allow them to fly very fast.
Conservation status: Not endangered.
Lifespan: Maximum recorded lifespan 20.2 years in the wild.