Quick Facts

Map of Libya
Population: 6,420,000
Languages: Arabic (Official), Italian, English
Climate: Mediterranean coastline, dry desert inland.
Captial City: Tripoli, also called Tarabulus.


  • The Ruins and Archaeological site of Cyrene – Cyrene was an ancient Greek colony founded in 630 BC which became a Roman province in 74 BC. It was a major city until an earthquake in 365. Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1982.
  • The Old Town of Ghadamès – one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities, Ghadamès is a traditional Libyan settlement referred to also as the “pearl of the desert”.
  • Tadrart Acacus – a mountain range in the desert of western Libya with rock art dating from 12,000 BC to 100 AD.

The Golden Jackal

Habitat: Very versatile. Semi-desert, semi-urban, forest or short grassland. Favours dry habitats.
Diet: Omnivorous. Fruit, eggs, amphibians, fish, rodents, ground birds, young gazelles. Golden Jackals are also scavengers – they will eat carrion, or scrounge through human garbage.
Classification and relatives: Mammal, canine (or dog). Closest relatives include the Black-backed Jackal, Side-striped Jackal, the Simien Jackal, the Coyote and Wolves.
Endangered status: Not endangered.
Lifespan: 8-9 years in wild. Longest recorded lifespan 18.8 years in captivity.