Quick Facts

Map of Peru
Population: 29,496,000
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Amazonian languages
Climate: Dry climate, arid.
Captial City: Lima


  • Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu – stands 2,430m above sea level. It is in the middle of a tropical mountain forest.
  • The Nazca Lines – a series of huge drawings, covering 50 square kilometres of desert floor, left by a culture in 300BC. No one is sure how the culture managed to create such images.
  • Colca Valley – an area of trails winding through mountains, particularly a row of snow-capped volcanoes, some of which are still active.

The Toucan (White-throated)

Habitat: Subtropical/tropical moist forest, savanna
Diet: Mostly fruit, sometimes insects, lizards and bird eggs
Classification and relatives: Toucans are birds. Their closest relatives include barbets and woodpeckers.
Endangered status: Not endangered (Least Concern)
Lifespan: Up to 20 years