Quick Facts

Map of Russia
Population: 141,927,297
Languages: Russian (Official) and 27 others (co-official in certain regions)
Climate: Humid, cold
Captial City: Moscow


  • Kremlin and Red Square – a fortified complex in Moscow built between the 14th and 17th centuries, the Kremlin was where the Great Prince lived. It is located in Red Square and has been linked to many important historical and political events. Inscribed on the World Heritage list in 1990.
  • Lake Baikal – it is the oldest and deepest lake in the world. The lake is 25 million years old and 1 700m deep and contains 20% of the world's unfrozen freshwater. Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1996.
  • Peterhof Palace – a series of palaces and gardens that contains a natural 16m high cliff and is situated about 20 km from St Petersburg, a major Russian city. Inscribed on the World Heritage List, along with St Petersburg and other related monuments, in 1990.

The Siberian Tiger

Habitat: Forests and woodlands
Diet: Elk, deer, wild boar, lynx, bear
Classification and relatives: The Siberian tiger is the largest living species of big cat. Its closest relatives are the jaguar, the lion and the leopard. It is more distantly related to the domestic cat.
Endangered status: Critically Endangered
Lifespan: 25 years