Quick Facts

Map of Yemen
Population: 23,580,000
Languages: Arabic (Official), Mehri, Soqotri.
Climate: Dry climate, semi-arid
Captial City: Sana'a


  • Dar al-Hajar, the rock palace – a fine example of Yemeni architecture in the valley Wadi Dhahr near Sana'a, the rock palace was built in 1786 by Imam Mansour Ali Bin Mahdi Abbas. It was extended in the 1930s as a summer residence for Yahya Muhammad Hamidaddin, Imam of Yemem from 1904 to 1948. Today, Dar al-Hajar is an open museum. Wadi Dahr itself features several types of wildlife.
  • Historic Town of Zabid – the Yemeni capital from the 13th to the 15th century. During this time the University of Zabid was a centre of learning for the Arab and Muslim world. Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1993.
  • Socotra Archipelago – four islands and two islets in the Indian Ocean, near the Gulf of Aden and south of Yemen, with fascinating and distinctive flora and fauna. 37% of its 825 plant species, 90% of its reptile species and 95% of its land snail species occur nowhere else in the world. Atlas Obscura describes Socotra as "[t]he most alien-looking place on Earth." Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2008.

The Parrotfish (Bicolour Parrotfish)

Habitat: Shallow fringing and barrier reefs
Diet: Live corals and algae from the ocean bottom, broken off with its beak-like front teeth and bulbous head.
Classification and relatives: The parrotfish is a ray-finned fish (a class of fish which have fins made up of ray-like bones or spines connected by webs of skin). Its closest relatives are wrasses and cichlids.
Endangered status: Vulnerable
Lifespan: 7 years